Podcast 186.0: Hypocalcemia

A quick primer on hypocalcemia in the ED.

Hosts:
Joseph Offenbacher, MD
Audrey Bree Tse, MD

April 29th, 2022 Download Leave a Comment Tags: , ,

Show Notes

Swami’s CoreEM Post

Hypocalcemia Repletion:

  • IV calcium supplementation with 100-300 mg Ca2+ raises serum Ca2+ by 0.5 – 1.5 mEq
  • For acute but mild symptomatic hypocalcemia: 200-1000mg calcium chloride IV or 1-2g IV calcium gluconate over 2 hours
  •  For severe hypocalcemia: 1g calcium chloride IV or 1-2g IV calcium gluconate IV over 10 minutes repeated q 60 min until symptoms resolve

References:

  • Cooper MS, Gittoes NJ. Diagnosis and management of hypocalcaemia. BMJ 2008; 336:1298.
  • ​​Desai TK, Carlson RW, Geheb MA. Prevalence and clinical implications of hypocalcemia in acutely ill patients in a medical intensive care setting. Am J Med 1988; 84:209.
  • Goltzman, D. Diagnostic approach to hypocalcemia. UpToDate. UpToDate; Jul 17, 2020. Accessed April 29, 2022. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/plantar-fasciitis
  • Kelly A, Levine MA. Hypocalcemia in the critically ill patient. J Intensive Care Med 2013; 28:166.
  • Pfenning CL, Slovis CM: Electrolyte Disorders; in Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al (eds): Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, ed 8. St. Louis, Mosby, Inc., 2014, (Ch) 125: p 1636-53.
  • Swaminathan, A. (2016, January 27). Hypocalcemia. CoreEM. Retrieved April 29, 2022, from https://coreem.net/core/hypocalcemia/
  • Vantour L, Goltzman D. Regulation of calcium homeostasis. In: rimer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, 9th ed, Bilezikian JP (Ed), Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ 2018. p.163.

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