Core Emergency Medicine

Toxic Gas Exposure

A quick overview of toxic gas exposure for the EM physician: simple asphyxiants, chemical asphyxiants, and caustics.

In-Flight Emergencies

A primer on in-flight emergencies for the physician passenger.

Core Podcast See More →

Episode 184.0 Ludwig’s Angina

A primer on this airway/ ID/ ENT emergency.

Hosts: Joe Offenbacher MD, A Bree Tse, MD

Episode 183.0 Pneumothorax

A quick overview of pneumothorax for the EM physician: the what, why, diagnosis, and treatment.
Hosts:
Joe Offenbacher, MD
Audrey Tse, MD

Core Procedures See More →

Fiberoptic Intubation

Our NYU Bellevue EM docs cover the basics for this high-yield, potentially lifesaving procedure.

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Cordis Insertion into the Femoral Vein

How to insert a cordis/ introducer sheath into the femoral vein with Dr. Weber and Dr. Adams!

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Core Blog See More →

Jan292020

Learning to interpret ECGs is not easy – but there’s a world of help out there.

Authors: Bennett J, Rhee D, Wagh A, Pusic M, Tse AB.

Being able to efficiently and accurately read an ECG is an important yet very difficult skill to learn. Online resources can help you improve your abilities at any learner level;
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Dec102019

“There are some things you learn best in calm, and some in storm.”

– Willa Cather

Over the past several years, I’ve thought a lot about what to say during the immediate moments after a failed cardiac arrest or traumatic resuscitation. When the rush of adrenaline comes to a screeching halt and all that is left is a deafening silence,
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Core Journal Club See More →

: Validation of Septic Knee Monoarthritis Prediction Rule in a Lyme Disease Endemic Area

Validation of Septic Knee Monoarthritis Prediction Rule in a Lyme Disease Endemic Area Pediatr Emerg Care, 2021

Children with knee monoarthritis from Lyme disease and septic arthritis can have similar presentations. The early disseminated stage of Lyme disease,
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: D-Dimer to Rule Out Venous Thromboembolism During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

D-Dimer to Rule Out Venous Thromboembolism During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis J Thromb Haemostasis, 2021

Pregnant women have a higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and an increasing D-Dimer over the course of pregnancy. The majority of clinical guidelines recommend the D-dimer should not be used to assess the risk of VTE in pregnant women.
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Core Cases More Cases →

CC

Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain

HPI

Acid-Base Workshop: At the beginning of the conference year, multiple faculty members ran a workshop on acid-base abnormalities where we worked on identifying acid-base disturbances, determining primary respiratory or metabolic abnormalities, causes of such disturbances, and if compensation was appropriate. Perhaps one of the most challenging types of patients we encounter with an acid-base disturbance is an acidemic patient who we believe requires intubation. Below you will find a variety of resources on acid-base disturbances and more specifically, intubation and ventilation in this patient population. Read the case, consider reviewing the resources below, and think how you would approach this tenuous patient.


The Case:

A 23 yo F with a PMH of poorly controlled T1DM presents to your ED complaining of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. She ran out of her insulin 3 days ago and didn’t have the funds to refill it. Her FS is 415 on POC testing.

Physical Exam

Vitals: 123/80, HR 120s, O2 98%, RR 32, Temp 98.2

General: sleepy but arousable to voice

HEENT: dry mucous membranes

Chest: CTAB, kussmaul breathing

Cardiac: regular rhythm, tachycardic

Abdomen: soft, NTND

Extremities: MAE

Labs

VBG: 7.03/14/65, Calculated Bicarb 5

BMP: 132/4.3/99/3/20/.09>423


What next?

You hang fluids and start an insulin drip, but the patient becomes progressively lethargic and has vomited twice despite anti-emetics. You decide you need to intubate. What next?

Questions

  1. What are the risks of intubating this patient?

  2. What would be your intubation strategy? Method, intubation medications, and things to pay attention to?

  3. Would you consider giving any additional medications (apart from paralytics or sedation medications) prior to intubating? If so, why, and what would be the dosing?

  4. What would be your ventilator settings?