Episode 69.0 – Antibiotics in COPD Exacerbations

This week we discuss why we use antibiotics in COPD exacerbations and whether we should continue to do so.

October 24th, 2016 Download Leave a Comment Tags: , , ,

Show Notes

Take Home Points

  1. Most COPD exacerbations are caused by infectious etiologies. While these can be viral, there’s also a decent chance it was caused by an overgrowth of bacteria that chronically colonize these patients.
  2. Strong evidence from systematic reviews demonstrates that antibiotic use reduces in-hospital mortality and decreases treatment failure
  3. The GOLD group recommends antibiotics be given to patients who have increased dyspnea, increased sputum volume and increased sputum purulence or require non-invasive or invasive ventilation for their exacerbation.
  4. Finally, a short course of antibiotics – either ampicillin, doxycycline or azithromycin is adequate for management.

Read More

GOLD Reports: Diagnosis, Management and Prevention 2016

Berg RMG, Plovsing RR. The hardships of being a Sith Lord: implications of the biopsychosocial model in a space opera. Adv Physiol Educ 2016; 40: 234-6. PMID: 27105743

Johannes M et al. Antibiotics in Addition to Systemic Corticosteroids for Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2010; 181(2): 150-7. PMID: 19875685

Quon BS et al. Contemporary management of acute exacerbations of COPD: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Chest 2008; 133:756-66. PMID: 18321904

Ram FS et al. Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006:CD004403 PMID: 16625602

Rothberg MB et al. Antibiotic Therapy and Treatment Failure in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. JAMA 2010; 303(20): 2035-2042 PMID: 20501925

Vollenweider DJ et al. Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012: CD010257 PMID: 23235687

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